Gate Arm Reflective Tape Requirements – (www.tapedealer.com)
Note: This article talks about the MUTCD requirements for gate striping. These would be gates that lead to roads regulated by the Department of Transportation.
In 2009’s Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD), section 2B.68 outlines how gate arms should be marked. MUTCD rules also apply to private property that connects to a DOT road. This rule covers all gate arms, including those at railroad crossings. Red and white 16-inch sections of reflective tape in a block pattern must be used to mark each gate. The width of the tape used depends on how wide the arm is. Retroreflective tape of Type 2 or better is recommended.
Type 5 Metallized Prismatic is most commonly used because of its bright return of light and thin design. Type 5 is also categorized by ASTM D4956 standards for use on Delineators and Channelizers which is a similar application. So type 5 film is what we recommend for the reflective treatment of gates, fences, control arms, and rail road crossings.
Section 2B.68 Gates
Gates described in this section used for weather or other emergency conditions are typically permanently installed to enable the gate to be immediately deployed as needed to prohibit the entry of traffic to the highway segment(s).
A gate typically features a gate arm that is moved from a vertical to a horizontal position or is rotated in a horizontal plane from parallel to traffic to perpendicular to traffic. Traffic is obstructed and required to stop when the gate arm is placed in a horizontal position perpendicular to traffic. Another type of gate consists of a segment of fence (usually on rollers) that swings open and closed, or that is retracted to open and then extended to close.
Gates are sometimes used to enforce a required stop. Some examples of such uses are the following:
- Parking facility entrances and exits,
- Private community entrances and exits,
- Military base entrances and exits,
- Toll plaza lanes,
- Movable bridges (see Chapter 4J),
- Automated Flagger Assistance Devices (see Chapter 6E), and
- Grade crossings (see Part 8).
Gates are sometimes used to periodically close a roadway or a ramp. Some examples of such uses are the following:
- Closing ramps to implement counter-flow operations for evacuations,
- Closing ramps that lead to reversible lanes, and
- Closing roadways for weather events such as snow, ice, or flooding, or for other emergencies.
Except as provided in Paragraph 6, gate arms, if used, shall be fully retroreflectorized on both sides, have vertical stripes alternately red and white at 16-inch intervals measured horizontally as shown in Figure 8C-1.
If used on a one-way roadway or ramp, the retroreflectorization may be omitted on the side of the gate facing away from approaching traffic.
Where gate arms are used to block off ramps into reversible lanes or to redirect approaching traffic, the red and white striping may be angled such that the stripes slope downward at an angle of 45 degrees toward the side of the gate arm on which traffic is to pass.
The gate arm shall extend across the approaching lane or lanes of traffic to effectively block motor vehicle and/or pedestrian travel as appropriate.
When gate arms are in the vertical position or rotated to an open position, the closest part of the gate arm and support shall have a lateral offset of at least 2 feet from the face of the curb or the edge of the traveled way.
When gate arms that are located in the median or on an island are in the horizontal position or rotated to a closed position, the closest part of the counterweight or its supports shall have a lateral offset of at least 2 feet from the face of the curb or the edge of the traveled way of the open roadway on the opposite side of the median or island.
When a gate that is rotated in a horizontal plane is in the position where it is parallel to traffic (indicating that the roadway is open), the outer end of the gate arm should be rotated to the downstream direction (from the perspective of traffic in the lane adjacent to the gate support) to prevent spearing if the gate is struck by an errant vehicle.
If a pedestrian route is present and if it is not intended that pedestrian traffic be controlled by the gate, a minimum of 2 feet of lateral offset from supports, posts, counterweights, and gate mechanisms should be provided when the gate arm is in the open position and when the gate arm is in the closed position such that pedestrian travel is not impeded.
Red lights may be attached to traffic gates.
If red lights are attached to a traffic gate, the red lights shall be steadily illuminated or flashed only during the period when the gate is in the horizontal or closed position and when the gate is in the process of being opened or closed.
Except as provided in Paragraph 16, rolling sections of fence, if used, shall include either a horizontal strip of retroreflectorized sheeting on both sides of the fence with vertical stripes alternately red and white at 16-inch intervals measured horizontally to simulate the appearance of a gate arm in the horizontal position, or one or more Type 4 object markers (see Section 2C.66), or both. If a horizontal strip of retroreflectorized sheeting is used, the bottom of the sheeting shall be located 3.5 to 4.5 feet above the roadway surface.
If used on a one-way roadway or ramp, the retroreflectorization may be omitted on the side of the fence facing away from approaching traffic.
Steven Cole (Economics, MBA – University of West Florida , Business & Innovation – Stanford University) 25 years of experience in the reflective safety business. Specializing in vehicle accident and rear end collision reduction through increased visibility.